Plectranthus amboinicus: A review on its pharmacological and pharmacognosticalc studies


Punet Kumar, Sangam, Nitin Kumar

In this review, information regarding the phytochemistry, traditional uses, medicinal uses, side effects, and future perspectives of Plectranthus amboinicus are given. Plectranthus amboinicus has been used in herbal medicines for the treatment of various disorders such as asthma, flu, eczema, and cardiovascular disorders. The plant possesses medicinal properties (such as antimicrobial activity, antifungal activity, anti-inflammatory activity, antidiabetic activity, anxiolytic activity, antineoplastic, analgesic, antimalarial, antibiofilm efficacy, diuretic, wound healing activity, skincare, respiratory disorders, and antiplatelet aggregation activity) due to the presence of various important constituents or secondary metabolites such as flavonoids, glycosides, phenols, tannins, and steroids, which have been identified through various spectroscopic methods. The different parts of the plant have used to prepare medicines. Due to the presence of various important constituents, this plant can be used for medicines without side effects.